• Chapter 1 -Introduction: provides background to the study and clarifies problems, objectives, hypothesis/questions, significance, delimitation, and critical terminology of the study.
  • Chapter 2 – Review of Relevant Literature: evaluates existing theory and empirical evidence relevant to the topic under study intending to clarify and advance a coherent conceptual and theoretical framework to ground the study, and at the same time, drawing insights and lessons from limitations and lacuna in previous work.
  • Chapter 3 variously called Methodology or Materials & Methods: details the general approach to the research (research design), population and samples + sampling techniques, instrumentation used or Apparatus and materials, validity and reliability of the instrumentation, procedures for data collection and analysis, criteria for acceptance/rejection of the hypothesis.
  • Chapter 4 – Results & Discussion: reports and analyses findings, confirming or rejecting the hypothesis, and anchoring results in theoretical framework or literature.
  • Chapter 5 – Conclusions & Recommendations: draws inferences from the findings of the study, points out implications, making recombination for theory, practice and further research.